Adenosine is a chemical compound with the chemical name 6-Amino-9-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-9H-purine. It has a molecular formula of C10H13N5O4 and a formula weight of 267.2 g/mol. It is classified as a nucleoside, which is a molecule that consists of a nitrogenous base and a ribose sugar. Adenosine is found in abundance in various tissues throughout the human body, including the brain, heart, and skeletal muscles.
CAS number of Adenosine is 58-61-7.
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Synonyms for Adenosine
- Adenine riboside
- Adenosine monohydrate
Health Benefits of Adenosine
Adenosine has been shown to have many health benefits, including its ability to help lower blood pressure, prevent blood clotting, and boost the immune system. Adenosine acts as a natural painkiller, and it has been used to help treat chronic pain conditions such as fibromyalgia.
Adenosine can also help improve heart function by increasing blood flow to the heart and reducing the workload on the heart. It is used to treat certain heart conditions such as supraventricular tachycardia and atrial fibrillation.
Potential Effects of Adenosine
Adenosine works by slowing down electrical conduction in the heart, which can help to reduce the heart rate and restore a normal rhythm. It does this by acting on adenosine receptors in the body, which can cause the blood vessels to relax and widen.
Adenosine can also help to prevent blood clots from forming by inhibiting platelet activity. This is beneficial for people with conditions such as stroke or cardiovascular disease, as it can help to reduce the risk of blood clots forming and causing further damage.
Adenosine works by binding to specific adenosine receptors in the body, which are located in various tissues throughout the body. When adenosine binds to these receptors, it has an inhibitory effect on the cells, which can help to reduce the heart rate and relax the blood vessels.
Adenosine also acts on the adenosine receptors in the brain, where it can have a calming effect and help to reduce anxiety and stress.
Adenosine is generally considered safe when used as directed, but it can have some potential side effects. It is not recommended for people with certain heart conditions, such as second- or third-degree heart block, and it can interact with certain medications, including caffeine and theophylline.
Common side effects of adenosine include flushing, headache, nausea, chest discomfort, and shortness of breath. These side effects are usually mild and go away on their own within a few minutes. However, in rare cases, adenosine can cause more serious side effects, such as heart palpitations or low blood pressure.
The typical dose of adenosine varies depending on the condition being treated and the individual patient. It is usually administered as an intravenous injection, and the dose is gradually increased until the desired effect is achieved.
Adenosine is a natural compound found in the body that has many potential health benefits. It is used to treat a variety of conditions, including heart disease and chronic pain. However, it can cause side effects and interact with certain medications, so it should only be used under the guidance of a healthcare provider. If you are considering using adenosine for a health condition, be sure to talk to your doctor first to determine if it is safe and appropriate for you