Berberine chloride hydrate is a natural alkaloid compound extracted from various plants, including Berberis and Coptis. It has been studied for its potential health benefits, including anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, and cholesterol-lowering properties. Berberine chloride hydrate's CAS number is 633-65-8, with the chemical name of 9,10-Dimethoxy-5,6-dihydrobenzo[g]-1,3-benzodioxolo[5,6-a]quinolizinium chloride hydrate. The molecular formula of Berberine chloride hydrate is C20H18ClNO4•H2O, and its molecular weight is 407.85 g/mol.
Top Ten Keywords and Synonyms:
- Natural Alkaloid
- AMPK Activation
- Immune Modulatory
- SIRT1 Activation
- Wound Healing
- Berberine Hydrochloride
- Berberine Monochloride
- Natural Yellow 18
- Berberrubine Chloride
- Umbellatine Chloride
- 5,6-Dihydro-9,10-dimethoxybenzo(g)-1,3-benzodioxolo(5,6-a)quinolizinium chloride hydrate
Health Benefits of Berberine Chloride Hydrate:
Anti-Inflammatory Properties: Berberine has been shown to have potent anti-inflammatory properties due to its ability to inhibit the activity of various inflammatory signaling pathways.
Anti-Cancer Properties: Berberine has been found to exhibit anti-cancer properties by inhibiting cell growth and inducing apoptosis in cancer cells.
Anti-Diabetic Effects: Berberine has been shown to improve glucose metabolism by activating AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a key regulator of glucose uptake and insulin sensitivity.
Cholesterol-Lowering Properties: Berberine has been found to lower LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels, making it useful for managing hyperlipidemia.
Potential Effects of Berberine Chloride Hydrate:
Antimicrobial Effects: Berberine has been shown to exhibit antimicrobial effects against various bacteria, viruses, and fungi, making it useful in the treatment of infectious diseases.
Immune Modulation: Berberine may modulate immune function by enhancing the activity of white blood cells and promoting the production of cytokines.
SIRT1 Activation: Berberine has been found to activate sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), a protein involved in regulating various cellular processes such as metabolism and aging.
Berberine works by modulating various cellular pathways involved in inflammation, cell growth, and survival. It has been shown to activate AMPK, a key regulator of glucose uptake and insulin sensitivity, leading to improved glucose metabolism. Berberine also exhibits anti-cancer properties by inhibiting cell growth and inducing apoptosis in cancer cells. Additionally, it has been found to lower LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels by inhibiting the activity of certain enzymes involved in lipid synthesis.
Berberine is generally considered safe when consumed in food or supplement form. However, high doses may cause gastrointestinal upset, including diarrhea and nausea. It is important to consult with a healthcare provider before use, especially if taking medications or if pregnant or breastfeeding.
The most common side effects of Berberine include gastrointestinal upset, including diarrhea and nausea. Rare but severe adverse events such as liver toxicity and arrhythmia have also been reported.
The optimal dosage of Berberine has not been established, and it varies depending on the intended use. As a dietary supplement, Berberine is typically taken in doses ranging from 500 mg to 1500 mg per day.
Berberine chloride hydrate is a natural alkaloid compound extracted from various plants that offers numerous potential health benefits, including anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, and cholesterol-lowering properties. It is generally considered safe when consumed in food or supplement form, but caution should be exercised when taking it alongside certain medications. Further research is needed to determine the optimal dosage and effectiveness of Berberine for various health conditions. It holds great promise as a potential therapeutic agent for the management of various diseases and conditions.