Betaxolol hydrochloride, also known as Betoptic, is a medication used to treat high blood pressure and glaucoma. It is a beta-blocker, which works by blocking the effects of adrenaline and other stress hormones, thereby reducing the heart rate and relaxing blood vessels. This drug was first approved in 1985 and has since been widely used for treating various medical conditions.
The chemical name of Betaxolol hydrochloride is (RS)-1-[4-(2-methylpropoxy)phenyl]ethanol hydrochloride.
The molecular formula of Betaxolol hydrochloride is C18H29NO3.HCl.
The formula weight of Betaxolol hydrochloride is 343.9 g/mol.
The CAS number of Betaxolol hydrochloride is 63659-19-8.
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Synonyms: Betaxolol HCl, Betaxolol Hydrochloride, Betaxololum, Betoptic-S, Kerlone
Health Benefits of Betaxolol Hydrochloride:
Betaxolol hydrochloride is primarily used to treat high blood pressure and glaucoma. It helps in lowering the intraocular pressure in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension, which can help prevent vision loss. In addition, Betaxolol hydrochloride can also reduce the risk of heart attacks, strokes, and other cardiovascular diseases in people with hypertension.
Betaxolol hydrochloride is a beta-blocker that blocks the effects of adrenaline on the heart and blood vessels. It reduces heart rate, relaxes blood vessels, and decreases the force of the heart's contractions. As a result, it lowers blood pressure and reduces intraocular pressure in the eyes.
Betaxolol hydrochloride works by blocking the beta-adrenergic receptors in the heart and blood vessels. These receptors are responsible for the body's response to adrenaline and other stress hormones. When blocked, the heart rate slows down, blood vessels dilate, and blood pressure decreases. This mechanism also reduces the production of aqueous humor in the eye, which helps reduce intraocular pressure.
Betaxolol hydrochloride is generally considered safe when used as directed. However, like all medications, it may cause side effects in some people. It is not recommended for certain patients, such as those who have asthma, severe bradycardia, or heart block. It should also be used with caution in people with diabetes, kidney disease, liver disease, or thyroid disorders.
Common side effects of Betaxolol hydrochloride include fatigue, dizziness, headache, diarrhea, nausea, and dry eyes. Rare but serious side effects may include chest pain, shortness of breath, slow or irregular heartbeat, fainting, and allergic reactions. Patients who experience any of these symptoms should seek immediate medical attention.
The recommended dose of Betaxolol hydrochloride for hypertension is 10 mg once daily, which may be increased to 20 mg once daily if needed. For glaucoma, the usual dose is one drop of 0.25% or 0.5% Betaxolol hydrochloride solution in the affected eye(s), twice daily.
Betaxolol hydrochloride is a beta-blocker drug used to treat high blood pressure and glaucoma. It works by blocking the beta-adrenergic receptors in the heart and blood vessels, reducing heart rate, relaxing blood vessels, and decreasing intraocular pressure in the eyes. While it is generally safe and effective, it may cause side effects in some patients and is not recommended for certain populations. If you have any questions about Betaxolol hydrochloride or its use, please consult your healthcare provider