Ticagrelor (CAS: 274693-27-5) is a small molecule drug that has been developed for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. It is a potent and selective antagonist of the P2Y12 receptor, which plays a critical role in platelet aggregation and thrombus formation. The chemical name for Ticagrelor is (1S,2S,3R,5S)-3-[7-[(1R,2S)-2-(3,4-difluorophenyl)cyclopropylamino]-5-(propylthio)-3H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-d]pyrimidin-3-yl]-5-(2-hydroxyethoxy)cyclopentane-1,2-diol. Its molecular formula is C23H28F2N6O4S, and its formula weight is 522.58 g/mol.
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Synonyms of Ticagrelor include AZD6140 and Brilinta.
Health Benefits of Ticagrelor:
Ticagrelor is an antiplatelet agent that works by inhibiting the P2Y12 receptor, which is involved in the conversion of fibrinogen to fibrin, a key step in thrombus formation. By inhibiting P2Y12, Ticagrelor reduces the risk of blood clots and thrombotic events such as myocardial infarction and stroke. Ticagrelor has shown efficacy in reducing major cardiovascular events in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).
Potential Effects of Ticagrelor:
Clinical studies have demonstrated that Ticagrelor is effective in preventing recurrent cardiovascular events in patients with ACS. In addition, it has been shown to reduce the risk of all-cause mortality compared to other antiplatelet agents such as clopidogrel. These findings suggest that Ticagrelor may offer a new approach to the prevention and management of cardiovascular disease.
Ticagrelor works by selectively blocking the P2Y12 receptor, which plays a critical role in platelet aggregation and thrombus formation. By inhibiting P2Y12, Ticagrelor interferes with the signaling pathways that are essential for platelet activation and clot formation. This results in reduced risk of thrombotic events.
Safety of Ticagrelor:
Like all drugs, Ticagrelor can have side effects. However, the safety profile of Ticagrelor appears to be favorable based on data from clinical trials. In these trials, Ticagrelor was generally well-tolerated and had a low incidence of adverse events. Further monitoring is needed to determine the long-term safety and efficacy of Ticagrelor in human patients.
Side Effects of Ticagrelor:
The most common side effects of Ticagrelor are bleeding events such as bruising, nosebleeds, and gastrointestinal bleeding. In addition, some patients may experience dyspnea, headache, or nausea. These side effects are generally mild to moderate in severity and can usually be managed with supportive care. Rarely, more serious side effects may occur, such as severe bleeding or liver toxicity. If you experience any of these symptoms while taking Ticagrelor, you should contact your doctor immediately.
The optimal dose of Ticagrelor for human patients varies depending on the indication and patient characteristics. As with all medications, it is important to follow your doctor's instructions regarding dosing and administration of Ticagrelor.
Ticagrelor is a promising new small molecule drug that shows potential for the prevention and management of cardiovascular disease. Its mechanism of action, which involves inhibition of the P2Y12 receptor, makes it a promising candidate for antiplatelet therapy. While more research is needed to establish its safety and efficacy in human patients, clinical studies suggest that Ticagrelor may have significant benefits in reducing the risk of thrombotic events and improving cardiovascular outcomes.